top of page



  • Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)


AMD is the number one cause of blindness in people over the age of 60. Symptoms may include blurred vision, distorted lines and dark spots in the central vision. There are two types of macular degeneration: wet and dry. The more debilitating type, the wet type, is now potentially manageable with intravitreal injections of Anti-VEGF agents (Avastin, Macugen, Lucentis, and Eylea). Occasionally, laser treatment is indicated.


  • Diabetic Retinopathy


Diabetic retinopathy is the number one cause of blindness in people between the ages of 20-60. Symptoms may include blurred or cloudy vision and floaters. This condition, depending on severity, can be treated with laser and/or surgical intervention.


  • Macular Pucker


The macula normally lies flat against the back of the eye and is the part of the retina responsible for central vision. Macular pucker occurs when wrinkles form in the macula. The symptoms of macular pucker are blurred vision, distorted vision and central blind spot. Depending on the visual acuity, the treatment consists of surgical intervention.


  • Macular Hole


As we age, the vitreous gel shrinks and pulls away from the retina. In some cases this pulling may result in macular hole formation. The symptoms of macular hole include a blind spot in the central vision, blurred vision and distorted vision. The treatment for macular hole is surgical intervention.


  • Retinal Detachment


This is a potentially blinding condition and is a true retinal emergency. Retinal detachments are caused by retinal tears and retinal holes. Symptoms of retinal detachment include floaters, flashing lights, blurry vision and a shadow across the vision. The treatment for retinal detachment is surgical intervention.


  • Retinal Vascular Diseases


Retinal vascular diseases consist of retinal arterial occlusion and retinal vein occlusion. Symptoms include loss of vision or various degrees of blurred vision. Retinal vein occlusion may be managed with laser and/or other therapies.


  • Severe Ocular Trauma


Severe ocular trauma often results in injury to the back of the eye. Surgical techniques are often required to repair such damage. Surgical techniques may be required to remove associated intraocular foreign bodies.


  • Posterior and Intermediate Uveitis


Uveitis is an inflammation of the uvea. The uvea is located between the retina and the sclera. Symptoms of uveitis include light sensitivity, blurred vision, pain, floaters and redness of the eye. Uveitis may be associated with systemic diseases, systemic infections, or injury to the eye. Depending on the cause, treatment will vary.




For more information on these and other eye conditions, please visit the EyeSmart® website by clicking on the image below. EyeSmart® provides eye health information from the American Academy of Ophthalmology.


bottom of page